X-Ray Tests – Overview, Benefits, Side Effects and Risks

X-rays are an essential tool around the globe. These rays were first used on bones about 100 years ago, and have saved countless lives since then. X-rays have also aided in a range of many important discoveries. Since X-rays target all the bones of the body, x-ray test prices depend upon the location of the injury needing the x-ray. 

X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation occurring naturally and are produced when charged particles having enough energy hit a material. Over the years, researchers have discussed many health implications caused due to x-rays. However, numerous benefits might outweigh the risks of undergoing an x-ray test. 

What Are Digital X-Rays?

Digital X-rays, also known as digital radiography are an advanced form of x-ray test that produces an instant radiographic image on the computer. This method of digital radiography uses x-ray-sensitive plates while examining objects, to capture data. The data is then instantly transferred to a computer, without using an intermediate cassette. 

Digital detector arrays, also known as flat panel detectors provide high-quality images, as compared to other imaging devices. They have improved dynamic range and better signal-to-noise ratio that helps in providing better sensitivity for radiographic applications. 

How Much Do X-Rays Cost?

As mentioned above, x-ray test prices depend upon various factors like the part of the body to be tested, type, reputation of the lab, and location. In general, x-ray tests in India cost anywhere between Rs. 200 to Rs. 2500. 

X-Rays With Contrast

Contrast radiography is a method by which X-Rays and the administration of special dyes are used to study organs. This use of special dyes is known as a contrast medium. This helps the radiographer in evaluating structures that are difficult to evaluate in a conventional X-ray test.

X-ray tests work by passing X-rays through the body. Since bones are large and therefore easily visible, they can be easily noticed in an X-ray result. However, many other parts like organs and other tissues such as blood vessels and the colon, do not block the x-rays that easily. This contrast medium helps by highlighting specific areas in the body and makes them easy to be seen in better detail. 

Benefits And Uses of X-rays in Healthcare and Safety

Broken Bones: One of the most obvious reasons to undergo an X-ray exam is to examine your broken bones. Just as mentioned above, X-rays work by passing themselves through the body. These rays first pass through your skin easily but take more time to pass through bones. 

This is why bones appear lighter in colour in an X-ray report. And therefore, after seeing the results, the doctor is instantly able to identify the condition of the patient. 

Radiation Therapy: Another vital role of x-rays is in the field of radiation therapy. These rays are used to fight against cancer by killing cancer cells or reducing the size of tumours. 

Although this process involves risks and is considered dangerous for health, around 50% of cancer patients undergo this process. There are two ways to undergo radiation therapy, from outside the body or by inserting the radioactive element inside the body close to the presence of the cancer cells. 

Security Systems: These days, x-ray tests are also used as security systems in metros, airports, railway stations, etc. for checking luggage and other potential dangers. 

What Are the Problems That Can Be Detected Via X-rays?

An x-ray test is a painless procedure that can be used by doctors to examine various irregularities, areas of pain, and certain diseases. Some examples of irregularities that can be detected from an x-ray test include:

  • Enlargement of the heart
  • Blockages in blood vessels 
  • Fluid in lungs 
  • Infections
  • Osteoporosis 
  • Digestive Problems 
  • Arthritis 
  • Tooth Decay 
  • Dislocated joints 
  • Foreign objects that were accidentally swallowed in the body 

Can An X-Ray Test Detect Cancer?

Yes, doctors can also use x-rays to detect the presence of cancer cells in the body. The use of x-rays for the diagnosis of cancer is a rather popular process. 

Chest mammographs and radiographs are often used by doctors for the early detection of cancer to check if cancer has spread to the lungs or other parts of the chest. On the other hand, mammographs are generally used to detect tumours or suspicious dangers in the breasts. 

Can X-rays Identify Stomach Ulcers?

Again, yes. The sure shot detection of peptic ulcers can only be done by two methods, endoscopy and x-ray tests. Not only ulcers, but x-rays can also detect a lot of other stomach irregularities. Abdominal x-rays can be used to detect and diagnose the causes of pain in the abdominal region. This can include several conditions like holes in the intestine, masses, or other kinds of blockages. 

Sometimes, abdominal x-rays may be done before other tests related to the GI tract or the urinary tract. These tests can include a CT scan of the abdomen or renal or urinary scans. 

Are X-rays Harmful to the Human Body?

Even though x-rays are widely used these days, these tests have some negligible risks. For instance, x-rays can cause mutations in our DNA, which can lead to the development of cancer in the later stages of life.

However, the risks are minimal and can easily be outweighed by the benefits of x-ray tests. Furthermore, the risks associated with the test often depend upon the part of the body being imaged or the type of the x-ray procedure. 

What Irregularities Can an X-ray Not Detect?

While X-rays can detect a lot of irregularities, they are also limited in what they can offer. For instance, ligaments and muscles cannot be detected clearly in an x-ray scan. However, they can surely help rule out the possibility of a fracture or tumour.  


X-rays are a boon to the healthcare industry, due to their various benefits. To find a reliable x-ray clinic near your neighbourhood, simply google “X-ray tests near me” and it will take you minutes to get it done. City X-rays are a well-renowned path lab in the Delhi NCR region offering all kinds of tests like X-rays, MRI scans, CT scans, Ultrasounds, and much more at affordable prices.

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